Antoine de Saint-Exupéry (1900–1944) was a writer and poet, best remembered for his novella The Little Prince. He was also a pioneering aviator and crashed in the Sahara while attempting to break the speed record in a Paris-to-Saigon race. With only a day’s worth of liquid, he survived four days until a Bedouin rescued him. The adventure figured prominently in his memoir Wind, Sand and Stars, winner of the National Book Award, and at the beginning of The Little Prince, where a pilot is marooned in the desert. Saint-Exupéry vanished while flying reconnaissance over the Mediterranean during World War II.