Isaac Bashevis Singer (1903–1991) grew up in the Yiddish-speaking Jewish Quarter in Warsaw, an area that figured prominently in many of his works. In 1935 he emigrated to the United States. Though he wrote in Yiddish, he began to encourage translations of his works into English, a decision that led to his earning global recognition. Among his numerous published works are fourteen novels, ten short story collections, five memoirs, sixteen children’s books, and numerous essays and articles. Several of his novels were adapted into movies, including Enemies, a Love Story and Yentl. In 1978 Singer won the Nobel Prize in Literature.