Anton Chekhov (1860–1904) was born in southern Russia to an abusive and bankrupted father. Chekhov published vignettes to support his family, and as his artistic skill developed, so did his topics, and his invention of stream of consciousness strongly influenced modern literature. A physician, Chekhov created four classics of theatrical literature: The Seagull, Uncle Vanya, Three Sisters, and The Cherry Orchard. “The Murder” is the literary expression of a trip to the penal colony Sakhalin, where he interviewed convicts for a census. His final words, “It has been a long time since I drank champagne,” are literary history.