Sir Arthur Conan Doyle (1859–1930) was born in Edinburgh to an alcoholic father. At age eight, he was sent to a Roman Catholic boarding school and emerged agnostic. A practicing physician, Conan Doyle is celebrated for having created Sherlock Holmes. A fierce advocate for justice, he was instrumental in establishing the first court of criminal appeals. After the death of seven family members, he became an active Spiritualist. His last words, “You are wonderful,” were directed to his wife.